Baltimore City Hall
George A Frederick: Prominent Baltimore Architect

Works in Baltimore

Works in Baltimore


Cylburn and its stables
Address: 4915 Greenspring Avenue
Standing? Yes Year: 1863

“I have the fairest wife, the fastest horses, and the finest home in all of Maryland.”

—Jesse Tyson
Cylburn Arboretum is a nature preserve and city park of about 207 acres. The Arboretum's center is Cylburn Mansion, Baltimore City's horticultural headquarters and home of the Cylburn Arboretum Association, part of whose mission it is to work with the city to preserve Cylburn's historic grounds and buildings by its horticultural and educational activities. The house was built for Jesse Tyson, a Quaker mining magnate and president of Fells Point's Baltimore Chrome Works, later absorbed into Allied Chemical and Honeywell International.

Frederick designed Cylburn in 1863, his first year out of apprenticeship, but the Civil War interrupted its construction.The mansion is significant as an example of a post-Civil War Italianate stone mansion. Tyson originally planned the summer home for his mother as a retreat from the heat of the inner city, but the delay meant that the home was instead used to welcome his new bride. Cylburn was not completed until 1889, the year Jesse, in his sixties, married nineteen year old debutante Edyth Johns. The couple decorated their lavish Italianate and Second Empire style home with imported European furniture, no doubt to impress high society summer visitors from Baltimore.

Added to the National Register of Historic Places 5/4/1972. For more information, see the Cylburn Arboretum Association website.